Linguistic Markers of Grandiose Narcissism: A LIWC Analysis of 15 Samples
Researchers investigate the relationship between narcissism and language use by analyzing large datasets using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC). The study aims to identify any word patterns that can help identify narcissistic individuals, building on previous studies that have been conducted on small samples.
The results show that certain language markers, such as the use of first-person singular pronouns, emotion-related words, and swear words, are positively associated with narcissism. In contrast, the use of second-person pronouns and words related to social processes are negatively associated with narcissism. These findings highlight the potential for language use to serve as an indicator of personality traits and suggest that language-based assessments could complement existing measures of personality assessment.
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