top of page

Subscribe to get the latest updates from Receptiviti

Early Linguistic Markers of Trauma Specific Processing Predict Post-Trauma Adjustment

LIWC Research Series:

Identifying early predictors for psychiatric disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is crucial for effective treatment and prevention efforts. Obtaining such predictors is challenging and methodologically limited, for example by individuals' distress, arousal, and reduced introspective ability. We investigated the predictive power of language-based, implicit markers of psychological processes (N = 163) derived from computerized text-analysis of trauma and control narratives provided within 18 days post-trauma. Trauma narratives with fewer cognitive processing words (indicating less cognitive elaboration), more death-related words (indicating perceived threat to life), and more first-person singular pronouns (indicating self-immersed processing) predicted greater PTSD symptoms at 6 months. These effects were specific to trauma narratives and held after controlling for early PTSD symptom severity and verbal intelligence. When self-report questionnaires of related processes were considered together with the trauma narrative linguistic predictors, use of more first-person singular pronouns remained a significant predictor alongside self-reported mental defeat. Language-based processing markers may complement questionnaire measures in early forecasting of post-trauma adjustment.

Read the article


Kleim B, Horn AB, Kraehenmann R, Mehl MR, Ehlers A. Early Linguistic Markers of Trauma-Specific Processing Predict Post-trauma Adjustment. Front Psychiatry. 2018 Dec 5;9:645. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00645. PMID: 30568607; PMCID: PMC6290715.

If you enjoyed this article, get notified when there's new content!

Customer Stories

Customer Stories and Use Cases

Organizations of all sizes have integrated Receptiviti into their technologies and processes to uncover critical insights about the people who matter to their businesses.

Talent Evaluation

Learn how HR technology companies have integrated Receptiviti's language-based Big Five and DISC into their platforms.


Social Media

Use of Phone

See how Receptiviti powers social media monitoring technologies with point-in-time and longitudinal audience profiling and measurement. 


Digital Health

Medical Consultation

Learn how digital health providers use Receptiviti to predict trajectories, optimize care delivery, and ensure positive outcomes.


Workforce Culture and DEI

work together

HR technology providers integrate Receptiviti to measure workplace culture and workforce wellbeing from aggregated open-end responses.


Marketing Communications

Marketing Comms.jpg

Learn how PR & communications agencies measure the personality of audiences, and optimize the communications they create to engage them.


Assessment and Coaching

Motivational Speaker

Learn how executive coaches and training providers use Receptiviti to enhance program effectiveness by assessing leaders' communication styles.


Public Markets

Earnings calls.jpg

Learn how investors and fund managers use Receptiviti to gain deep insights into the psychology of executives at publicly traded companies.


What's your story?

Team Meeting

Speak with one of our subject matter experts to learn how Receptiviti can uncover insights about the people who are important to your business.


Ready to get started or have questions?
bottom of page